Campus Farm Cotons
MCPC registered, purebred Malagasy Cotons
A friend and companion for life
Let's start with a little bit of history... there are two types of cotons:
(1) "European FCI Cotons", which were cross-bred with other breeds such as the Bichon Frise to achieve a smaller size and uniformly white coat. The FCI breed standard calls for a long-backed, short-legged, Maltese-like dog with a completely white coat.
(2) The "Original Malagasy Cotons", which were brought directly from their native Island of Madagascar in the 1970's. Malagasy cotons are a sturdy, healthy, small companion breed and the standard allows for 3 color varieties: white, tri-colored (a mixed pattern of white, brown/tan, black), and black & white.
I chose Malagasy cotons for my family because the lineage has remained so pure (due to the diligence of the MCPC and ethical breeders) that the breed is extremely healthy and they can live 15 years or longer with very few, if any, health problems. I also enjoy the unique color patterns of each puppy and their hearty nature that enables them to travel easily with my family and participate in our outings such as nature walks, visiting farmer's markets, playing in the park with my children and other dogs, enjoying car rides, and agility training just for fun and challenge.
Having discovered Malagasy cotons, I truly believe that they just may be "the perfect breed".
Here are a few of the characteristics that Cotons are famous for...
Head: Skull somewhat rounded with proportionate muzzle and slightly accentuated stop. Top-view,triangular. Tape measurement: muzzle to stop, 1.75-2.5" (4.5 to 6.4cm); stop to occiput, 4-5" (10.2 to 12.7 cm); total head length, 6-7.25" (15.2 to 18.4 cm).
Eyes: Large, dark brown, sparkling,expressive, with dark eye rings.
Nose: Black and pronounced.
Lips: Black, finely featured.
Bite: Level or scissors; incisors should touch.
Ears: Dropped, 2.75-3.75" long (7 to 9.5cm), covered with long flowing hair approximately 4-6.5" total length(10.2 to 16.5 cm).
Neck: Rather long, 4-6.25" (10.2 to 16 cm),strong but gracefully carried, head erect.
Body: Deep chest tapering slightly to abdomen. Ratio of thoracic to abdominal girth, 1.2-1.4 to 1. Top line (withers to base of tail) straight to somewhat convex, 12-16" long (30.5 to 40.6 cm). Height at withers less than 13" (33 cm). Body weight less than 18 pounds (8.2 Kg). Little or no sexual dimorphism, but males may appear more muscular than females.
Legs & Feet: Forelimbs mostly straight and strong. Hindquarters slightly angulate with well-muscled thighs. Feet small with black pads.
Tail: Carried straight or curled over dorsum (no preference), 5.5-8.5" long (14 to 12.7 cm); covered by flowing hair.
Coat: Long (4-6.5"; 10.2 to 16.5 cm), dry,"wind-tossed" flowing hair. Texture of cotton, not silky. Prominent beard and mustache. Well-haired limbs, tail, and ears. Eyes may be obscured by hair which must not be scissored in show dogs, but may be trimmed for pets.
Coloration: Three color varieties are recognized without preference.
White: all white, often with champagne (cream-biscuit)highlights on ears and dorsum.
Black-and-White: pure white with prominent black patches on head and body. No restriction on the ratio of white-to-black
Tri-Color: mostly white and cream, but tinged with beige areas; black hairs dust portions of the ears and sometimes the body and head. Tri-colors are usually heavily marked as neonates and juveniles, but as the adult coat appears, these Cotons may appear almost white.
White is the most frequently seen color variety, but a Black-and-White male won the coveted Championship of Madagascar in1974. The Tri-Color has been honored on an official postage stamp of the Repoblika Demokratika Malagasy.
Grooming: Well-brushed but not scissored. As for any long-haired breed, eyes and ears should be kept clean. The show dog's coat must be natural. Adulteration of the coat (e.g., powdering) is not permissible. Owners are encouraged to insure that hair is kept trimmed on the feet (between pads and toes), in the ears, and around the anus. Since few Cotons are shown, owners should consider trimming the hair that falls down over the eyes if it is apparent that the Coton's vision is impaired.
Movement: Free, balanced, effortless. Good reach in the forequarters and good drive in the hindquarters. Slight lateral roll at low speed. Legs move straight fore and aft along the line of travel; as speed increases, there is a slight convergence of legs toward the center line.
Faults: Undershot or overshot bite. Poor pigmentation. Body weight greater than 18 pounds. (8.2 kg; **formerly: "Body weight greater than 15 pounds" -- revision 10/96). Height at withers greater than 13.0" (33 cm; NB: no revision has yet been adopted on the lower limits of the breed's linear dimensions, but such a limit is needed).
Disqualifications: Silky (oily) hair. Cryptorchidism. Eye color other than dark brown. Any trait that indicates unsound structure or poor health
If you are looking for a Coton de Tulear, please choose a purebred